Using photovoltaic systems, architects at Paolo Venturella were able to create a self heating and cooling dome-shaped mosque at the center of Prishtina, Kosovo. via evolo (and in spanish on plataformaarquitectura):
The shape of the envelope is conceived as a “double-skin” generating a circular intervention around the prayer hall. Made with a series of louvers, the facade is covered with thin photovoltaic film that harvests energy for the mosque and the other services. Taking advantage of the spherical shape, the curved form guarantees a surface perfectly oriented to the sun at any time of day so to optimize the radiation of the sun.
The tilted shaders avoid the direct passage of sunlight creating indirect illumination while allowing a view of the outside. The southern facing “Kibla wall” works as a greenhouse element that captures heat and releases it to the interior when needed during colder periods.